A fault is any action that stops play because of a rule violation.
A fault by the receiving team results in a point for the serving team.
A fault by the serving team results in the server’s loss of serve or side out.
Some of the most common faults…
- Hitting the ball into the net or out of bounds.
- Hitting a volley from inside the NVZ.
- A player (including clothing, paddle, etc.) touching the net or post when the ball is in play.
- A ball striking a player.
- A ball striking a permanent object before bouncing on the court.
- A serve that doesn’t land in the receiver’s service court. Serves must clear the NVZ, including the NVZ line.
- Hitting a volley after a serve. A bounce must occur on each side before anyone can hit a volley. (See two-bounce rule.)
- Stepping on the baseline before hitting a serve.
- A server striking the ball before the referee calls the score, in an officiated match.